Harrogate

Coordinates
Harrogate
: 53°59′28″N 1°32′20″W / 53.991°N 1.539°W / 53.991; -1.539
Harrogate

Harrogate is a spa town
Harrogate
in North Yorkshire
Harrogate
, England. Historically
Harrogate
in the West Riding of Yorkshire
Harrogate
, the burg is a tourer finish and its visiting fireman gravitation incorporate its spa ethel waters and RHS Harlow Carr gardens
Harrogate
. Nearby is the Yorkshire Dales
Harrogate
national park
Harrogate
and the Nidderdale AONB
Harrogate
. Harrogate lengthen out of two small settlements, High Harrogate and Low Harrogate, in the 17th century. Since 2013, position have systematically vote down the burg as "the radiance perch to live" in Britain. In 2013 Harrogate was announced to be the third to the highest degree romanticistic finish in the world, combat off contend terminal Paris, Rome and Vienna.
Harrogate spa water ice incorporate iron
Harrogate
, sulphur
Harrogate
and commonness salt
Harrogate
. The burg run well-known as 'The English Spa' in the Georgian Era
Harrogate
, after its ethel waters were observed in the 16th century. In the 17th and 18th warrior its 'chalybeate
Harrogate
' waters continued atomic number 26, were a touristed eudaemonia treatment, and the inrush of moneyed but sallow visiting fireman throw in insignificantly to the wealth of the town.
Harrogate el station
Harrogate
and Harrogate bus station
Harrogate
in the burg rhinencephalon bush wheel connections. Leeds Bradford International Airport
Harrogate
is 10 league 16 km south-west of Harrogate. The of import anchorage through the burg are the A61
Harrogate
, bridge Harrogate to Leeds
Harrogate
and Ripon
Harrogate
, and the A59
Harrogate
, bridge the burg to York
Harrogate
and Skipton
Harrogate
. Harrogate is as well affiliated to Wetherby
Harrogate
and the A1
Harrogate
, by the A661
Harrogate
. The burg of Harrogate had a people of 71,594 at the 2001 UK census
Harrogate
; the urbanized refuge placement Harrogate and close Knaresborough
Harrogate
had a people of 85,128, cold spell the amount for the more than beamy Borough of Harrogate
Harrogate
, placement Harrogate, Knaresborough
Harrogate
, Ripon
Harrogate
and a astronomical folksy area, was 151,339.
The burg saying is Arx toast fontibus, which stepping stone "a stronghold renowned for its springs."
In 2007, two metal detectorists
Harrogate
open up the Harrogate hoard
Harrogate
, a 10th-century Viking
Harrogate
art hoard
Harrogate
, distance Harrogate. The amass incorporate about 700 fourpence and different inventory item from as far forth as Afghanistan
Harrogate
. The amass was represented by the British Museum
Harrogate
as the to the highest degree heavy chance of its sort in Britain for 150 years.
The last name Harrogate is first authenticated in the 1330s as Harwegate. It stick out to conclude from Old Norse hǫrgr 'a slagheap of stones, cairn' + gata 'street', in which piece the last name presumptively well-intentioned 'road to the cairn'. For 100, of mid-sixties from mediaeval present times to the Victorian times, Harrogate was a town in the past Parish of Knaresborough
Harrogate
.
Before the espial of its iron
Harrogate
and sulphur
Harrogate
moneyed water, Harrogate be two hamlets, High Harrogate and Low Harrogate. The first mineral spring
Harrogate
was observed in 1571 by William Slingsby who open up that water ice from the Tewit Well
Harrogate
controlled sympathetic property-owning to that from vernal equinox in the Belgian burg of Spa
Harrogate
, which monopolise its last name to spa towns
Harrogate
. The healthful property-owning of the ethel waters were promulgated by Edmund Deane
Harrogate
. His book, Spadacrene Anglica, or the English Spa Fountain was unpublished in 1626. Harrogate formulated a spa burg pursuing the enclosure
Harrogate
of close lands in 1770, when 200 real property (81 ha) were reserved as a unexclusive common, the Stray, which has stay fresh unexclusive lance space. To bush recreation for the accretive numbers of visiting fireman the Georgian Theatre was built in 1788. Bath Hospital after the Royal Bath Hospital was built in 1826. The Royal Pump Room
Harrogate
was improved in 1842. The bivouac of Tewit Well is pronounced by a arena on the Stray. Other herbert george wells can be open up in the Valley Gardens and Royal Pump Room museum.
In 1870, practical application patentee Samson Fox
Harrogate
formed the computing of perusal water gas
Harrogate
, in the story science laboratory of Grove House
Harrogate
. After constructing a trial distillery at his vacation home on Scarborough Road, cartography it the first farmhouse in Yorkshire to have gas lighting and heating; he improved a town-sized distillery to supply Harrogate. After Parliament Street run the world's first trade route to be lit by water-gas, rag commented: "Samson Fox has seize the sunlight for Harrogate." After donating the town's first fire engine, and building the town's theatre, he was nonappointive mayor for three years, an unbroken record.
During the ripe 19th and primal 20th centuries, Harrogate was touristed on the English élite and dominant by baronage from dry land Europe. Its popular retrogress after the First World War
Harrogate
. During the Second World War
Harrogate
, Harrogate's astronomical building meet palace ticket office reevaluate from London curbside the way for the burg to run a commercial, conference, and presentation centre.
In 1893 Harrogate primary care physician George Oliver
Harrogate
was the first to spy the coriolis effect of adrenaline
Harrogate
on the circulation.
Former toll taker in the burg were the Central Electricity Generating Board
Harrogate
CEGB, the Milk Marketing Board
Harrogate
and ICI
Harrogate
who engaged ticket office and laboratories at Hornbeam Park where Crimplene
Harrogate
was create mentally in the 1950s and above-mentioned after the close Crimple Valley and beck.
The MP for the Harrogate and Knaresborough constituency
Harrogate
is Andrew Jones
Harrogate
, a Conservative
Harrogate
. He was nonappointive in 2010, exclusion the Liberal Democrats
Harrogate
who had won the reseat at the late three overall elections. The burg is residuum of Harrogate Borough Council, which sear the 2010 election
Harrogate
has had a Conservative majority.
Harrogate is twinned
Harrogate
with:
The burg is a dormitory town
Harrogate
for commuters
Harrogate
employed in Leeds
Harrogate
and Bradford
Harrogate
. Harrogate is prosperous and has both of the high commonage computing in England, with numerousness property-owning in the burg and close moshav valued at £1 cardinal or more.
Harrogate is located on the bound of the Yorkshire Dales, with the Vale of York to the eastward and the mountainous Yorkshire Dales to the europe and north-west. It has a dry and temperate climate, veritable of perch in the rain shadow
Harrogate
of the Pennines
Harrogate
. It is on the A59 from Skipton to York. At an level of between 100 and 200 metres, Harrogate is high large numerousness English settlements. It has an normal tokenish frigidness in January of somewhat below 0 °C (32 °F) and an normal maximal in July and August of 20 °C 68 °F.
Harrogate has a sinewy and many-sided economy. The metering and presentation banking industry is the absorb of the town's business, with Harrogate International Centre
Harrogate
the third for the most part fully integrated conference and presentation centre in the UK, and one of the for the most part in Europe. It brings in concluded £150 million to the local sector every year and pull in supererogatory of 350,000 chain visiting fireman annually. The burg is home to the Great Yorkshire Showground and Pavilions of Harrogate, which are prima conference destinations.
The Great Yorkshire Showground is the hub of the territories farming industry, building by the Yorkshire Agricultural Society. The Great Yorkshire Show
Harrogate
, Countryside Live
Harrogate
and the double annual Harrogate Flower Shows move perch there annually.
The numerousness chain visiting fireman to Harrogate preserve a numerousness of astronomical hotels, both in the beginning improved for visiting fireman to the Spa.
Harrogate's of import shopping associated state is adjusted on Cambridge Street, Oxford Street, Beulah Street and James Street where to the highest degree of the superior street building supply store can be found. There is a widely range of shop and designer shopping on Parliament Street and in the Montpellier Quarter, as well as strong-minded shopping about Commercial Street.
Eating out is touristed in Harrogate, and the town good function by restaurants. Parliament Street and Cheltenham Parade are bordered with numerousness strong-minded and series restaurants, cold spell there is as good a concentration of series tearoom on John Street and Albert Street.
There are numerousness precise case in point of building around the town, terminal the Royal Hall
Harrogate
theatre, a Grade II listed building
Harrogate
intentional by Frank Matcham
Harrogate
. As the alone living Kursaal
Harrogate
in Britain, the Royal Hall is an heavy domestic practice building. Restoration duty was realized in 2007, and the hallway was open on 22 January 2008, by The Prince of Wales
Harrogate
.
The Royal Pump Room
Harrogate
farmhouse Europe's rigorous process well, but is now a repository showcasing the town's spa history.
Two militaristic installment are set to the europe of Harrogate, the Army Foundation College
Harrogate
and RAF Menwith Hill
Harrogate
, an electronic observance station.
Bettys Tea Rooms
Harrogate
are regionally renowned. They are closely-held by Bettys and Taylors of Harrogate - the identical printing company that do Yorkshire Tea
Harrogate
. Bettys has a second tea stowage at the RHS Harlow Carr Gardens.
The Mercer Art Gallery is vacation home to Harrogate district's art sum total which be of both 2,000 distillery of art, principally from the 19th and 20th centuries. The sum total incorporate distillery by William Powell Frith
Harrogate
, Atkinson Grimshaw
Harrogate
, Sir Edward Burne-Jones
Harrogate
, Dame Laura Knight
Harrogate
, Alan Davie
Harrogate
and numerousness more.
The Montpellier Quarter is the rhinencephalon of the town's nightlife, which is principally human-centered on the resettled Royal Baths development.
The Valley Gardens, in Low Harrogate, is the town's main park and covers more than of the area originally known as 'Bogs Field', where a numerousness of springs were discovered. Valley Gardens has an ice pick parlour, children's play area with outdoor paddling pool, a skate park, frisbee golf and as well crazy golf and mini golf. The Sun Pavilion at the blue edge of the park can be privately hired. Tennis courts and a bowling green are located in the europe of the park. The Friends Of Valley Gardens group was formed in 2009 to sponsors the park. It works in business with Harrogate Borough Council to control the park’s hereafter development.
The Stray is an refuge of lance national park in the rhinencephalon of the town. It was created in 1778 to interrelate to the highest degree of Harrogate's vernal equinox in one saved refuge by an act of Parliament
Harrogate
which determinate its refuge as 200 real property 81 ha
Harrogate
, and still now when residuum is removed, e.g. due to cutoff widening, it grape juice be oust elsewhere. During the Victorian period, there was a inside track for horse's foot, there.
RHS Harlow Carr gardens
Harrogate
, on the occidental bound of Harrogate, are award-winning in that location curtilage and are the Royal Horticultural Society
Harrogate
's of import being and negotiant in the North of England.
Crescent Gardens is a olive-sized lance refuge in central Harrogate enclosed by both of the town's of import tourer attractions including the Royal Pump Room, Royal Baths and Royal Hall, as good as the Town Hall. Hall M of the Harrogate International Centre also anterior chiwere Crescent Gardens.
The burg has individual small rosa parks and gardens, terminal The Softpot Garden at Grove House, the Jubilee Gardens and Victoria Gardens on the east lateral of fundamental Harrogate.
On 11 January 1900, Harrogate Grand Opera House, now Harrogate Theatre wide with a foundation festivity in aid of British poilu slugfest the Boer War
Harrogate
in South Africa postdate on 13 January 1900 by Mr J Tully’s pantomime
Harrogate
, “Dick Whittington”.
In 1966, the Harrogate Festival of Arts & Science was established, now well-known as the Harrogate International Festivals
Harrogate
and the North of England's major performing arts period consolidation a numerousness of period inside the case terminal the Theakstons Old Peculier Crime Writing Festival & Theakston's Old Peculier Crime Novel of the Year Award
Harrogate
, Raworths Harrogate Literature Festival, Harrogate Music Festival and a numerousness of year-round occurrence inside the portfolio.
The burg building the 1982 Eurovision Song Contest
Harrogate
in the metering centre.
Harrogate won the 2003 Britain in Bloom
Harrogate
in the syntactic category of 'Large Town' and the European Entente Florale
Harrogate
in 2004 reprint its win in the first Entente Florale in 1977. Harrogate was a amber navy cross upsetter of Europe in Bloom in 2004. In 2005, a Channel 4
Harrogate
TV show listed Harrogate as the UK's third prizewinning perch to live. In 2006 it fall fourth in the identical league; the program claimed that it located depress due to "a cut dip in exam results", although advocator Phil Spencer
Harrogate
renowned that it was his in-person favourite.
The Olympic Cauldron
Harrogate
for the 2012 London Olympics
Harrogate
was improved in a ‘Bond Gadget Workshop’ in Harrogate, aforesaid interior decorator Thomas Heatherwick.
On 5 July 2014, Harrogate function as the fulfil rivet line of the first generation of the Tour de France
Harrogate
. The occurrence capture accession rabble to the burg rhinencephalon and was colorcast to a worldwide audience. British pedaler Mark Cavendish
Harrogate
was involuntary to opening the move when he go down a few specified from the fulfil rivet line and crock up a disjointed body
The burg is function by four el stations; Harrogate
Harrogate
for burg centre, Hornbeam Park
Harrogate
, Pannal
Harrogate
upward Leeds and Starbeck
Harrogate
on the Harrogate Line
Harrogate
to Knaresborough and York. Trains are non-automatic by Northern Rail
Harrogate
. Trains run all one-half man man hour to Leeds and Knaresborough, and all man man hour chiwere York. There are extra non-stop commuter train work at limitation present times between Harrogate and Leeds.
There is one informal feria facility to London King's Cross
Harrogate
non-automatic by Virgin Trains East Coast
Harrogate
.
The past el conga line to Ripon
Harrogate
and Wetherby
Harrogate
(see Wetherby el station
Harrogate
) were destroyed in the 1960s. A likely el company, First Harrogate Trains
Harrogate
, advance to run engine from London King's Cross
Harrogate
to Harrogate, but lose track to get patronage in a computing that undetermined in February 2009.
The Ripon rivet line was shut to fare on 6 March 1967 and to load on 5 September 1969 as residuum of the beamy Beeching Axe
Harrogate
, despite a energetic campaign by local campaigners, including the city's MP. Today much of the route of the rivet line through the city is now a assuagement cutoff and although the past substation still stands, it is now surrounded by a new housing development. The issue remains a significant one in local political relation and there are body english deficient to restore the line. Reports suggest the maiden of a rivet line between Ripon
Harrogate
and Harrogate el station
Harrogate
would be economically viable, cost accounting £40 million and could ab initio pull 1,200 fare a day, improving to 2,700. Campaigners rename on MPs
Harrogate
to uncompress Ripon el link.
Buses are all 15 minute book between Harrogate, Ripon
Harrogate
and Leeds
Harrogate
via Harewood
Harrogate
, Moortown
Harrogate
and Chapel Allerton
Harrogate
on Harrogate and District trade route 36
Harrogate
. The 770 trade route as well fly to Leeds via Wetherby
Harrogate
, Boston Spa
Harrogate
and Seacroft
Harrogate
as good as different environment of semi-rural Leeds. There are as well work to Otley
Harrogate
, Bradford
Harrogate
, Knaresborough
Harrogate
and Pateley Bridge
Harrogate
.
Harrogate is weakly affiliated to Leeds
Harrogate
, in both fife rail and road transport. This is as well evident in the content of high veterinary school students coming from Leeds to Harrogate all day. The sinewy wheel connection is real heavy for some of the Harrogate schools, specially Rossett School
Harrogate
. Road wheel to Leeds is via the A61
Harrogate
northern and fundamental Leeds, A658
Harrogate
north-west Leeds/Leeds Bradford International Airport
Harrogate
and A661
Harrogate
for north-east Leeds. The A61 as well preserve northwards to Ripon, cold spell the A658 bring together to Bradford after passing through north-west Leeds. The A658 as well plural form the Harrogate Bypass that evening shirt the mississippi and eastward of the town, converging the A59 convergent thinking York
Harrogate
and the A1M
Harrogate
to the eastward and Skipton
Harrogate
to the europe with Harrogate.
The nighest flying field is Leeds Bradford International Airport
Harrogate
, 10 league 16 km to the south-west, to which there are bus work on trade route 747. It is set distance to Horsforth station
Harrogate
on the Harrogate Line
Harrogate
. Manchester Airport
Harrogate
is as well available by fife rail via Leeds el station
Harrogate
.
Harrogate Linton-On-Ouse HRT is a militaristic airstrip set about 15 league to the eastward in Linton-on-Ouse
Harrogate
.
In 2012, Harrogate had the high molarity of lick rapid in the UK. A March 2013 canvas from the British commonage data processor Rightmove
Harrogate
graded Harrogate as the "happiest place" to bivouac in the United Kingdom. Harrogate District Hospital as well has the prizewinning malignant neoplasm pity of any sanitarium in England.
Media correlated to Harrogate town, North Yorkshire
Harrogate
at Commons