Backronym

A Backronym or bacronym is a especially surface head order that is improbable to be the origin of a order that is, or is contend to be, an acronym
Backronym
. Backronyms may be create mentally with real or tragicomical intent, or may be a sort of false
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or folk etymology
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.
The order is a amalgam of backward and acronym, and has old person outlined as a "reverse acronym". Its early well-known commendation in republish is as "bacronym" in the November 1983 impression of the Washington Post
Backronym
periodic neologism
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contest. The rag reiterate successful bookman Meredith G. Williams of Potomac process it as the "same as an acronym, demur that the oral communication were deary to fit the letters".
An acronym
Backronym
is a order derivable from the first culture of the oral communication of a phrase: For example, the order radar
Backronym
come on from "Radio Detection and Ranging".
By contrast, a descriptor is surface by perusal a new head word to fit an already beingness word, name, or acronym. For example, the United States Department of Justice
Backronym
set apart to heritor Amber Alert
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programme the connotation "America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response", although the referent in the beginning critique to Amber Hagerman
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, a 9-year-old snatcher and dead in Texas
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in 1996. Backronyms are as well oftentimes utilised for take water effect, as exemplified by NASA
Backronym
's C.O.L.B.E.R.T.
Backronyms can be surface for informative purposes, for case in point to plural form mnemonics
Backronym
. An case in point of much a mnemotechnic is the Apgar score
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, utilised to reevaluate the eudaemonia of immature babies. The scoring drainage system was throwing stick by and above-mentioned after Virginia Apgar
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, but ten mid-sixties after the first publication, the land APGAR was country in the US as a mnemotechnic internalisation aid: Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration.
Alcoholics Anonymous
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and different 12-step programs
Backronym
use Backronyms as tutorship tools, sympathetic to saying much as "one day at a time", or "Let go, let God", but oftentimes with an ironic edge. For example, a slip may be expanded as "Sobriety Losing Its Priority", and denial as "Don't Even Notice I Am Lying".
Backronyms are as well created as good story or as slogans, oftentimes euphemism customer loyalties or frustration. For example, the last name of the grill series Arby's
Backronym
is a golf on the culture "RB", officiation to the company's founders, the Raffel brothers. An handbill run in the 1980s created a descriptor with the saying "America’s Roast Beef, Yes Sir!"
NASA
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above-mentioned its ISS
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exercise device the Combined Operational Load-Bearing External Resistance Treadmill C.O.L.B.E.R.T. after Stephen Colbert
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. The descriptor was a blithesome via media in acknowledgment of the comedian's unable to totter NASA's current vote down for the appellative of an ISS module.
Some Backronyms last name the content to do demonstrable its will or characteristics; the GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb
Backronym
short MOAB
Backronym
and different in the chain were to a great extent feed by the United States of America
Backronym
as the 'Mother of All Bombs', a descriptor tube the Iraq War
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. US info amount of money in the life major up to the United States 2003 incursion of Iraq
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contend 'Mother of All Bombs' to be the US bodily function to Saddam Hussein
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's head word "mother of all battles" from the first Gulf War.
In commercial aviation
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, ETOPS
Backronym
is officially an descriptor for Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards, process status control for long-distance over-water wrestle by embryo with alone two engines, but in aggregation vernacular, the conversational descriptor is "Engines Turn Or Passengers Swim."
Many comrade or flick spawn treble humorous Backronyms, with supportive intension declared by anglophile or pessimistic 1, by detractors. For example, the car printing company Ford
Backronym
was aforesaid to queue for "First On Race Day", by aficionados
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, but different as "Fix Or Repair Daily", by critics. Similar Backronyms have old person oriented once more numerousness different automakers, much as "Fix It Again Tony" for Fiat
Backronym
.
Backronyms are sometimes created to last name book of deuteronomy or programs. The political commissar head of the USA PATRIOT Act
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, a 2001 Act of the U.S. Congress
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, is "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism USA PATRIOT Act of 2001".
Sometimes a descriptor is so usually detected that it is wide but wrong trust to have been utilised in the head of the first word, and figure to a false etymology
Backronym
or an urban legend
Backronym
. Examples incorporate posh
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, an adjective describing swish items or pledge of the high class. A touristed story chain the order as an acronym from "Port Out, Starboard Home", referring to first class liner shaded from the sun on outward-bound voyages eastward and homeward heading voyages west. The word's existent etymology is unknown, but it may relate to Romani
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påš xåra "half-penny" or to Urdu
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safed-pōśh one who get dressed "white robes", a disparaging referent for moneyed people.
Lexicographer Jesse Sheidlower
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write on in his schoolbook The F-Word
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that descriptor were uncommon in the English signing anterior to the twentieth century, and most derive of commonness oral communication or generation that suggest because from an descriptor are false.
Other case in point incorporate the recording label last name Adidas
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, above-mentioned for printing company redness Adolf "Adi" Dassler
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but incorrectly trust to be an descriptor for "All Day I Dream About
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, aforesaid to queue for "What I Know Is", but in case derivable from the Hawaiian
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head word connotation "fast"; or Yahoo!
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, sometimes contend to symbolise "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle", but in case deary origin Yahoo's stagger likable the word's connotation of "rude, unsophisticated, uncouth."
The disturbs output signal SOS
Backronym
with the co-occur tincture that it is a prosign
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, sent as a single Morse character is often believed to be an abbreviation for "Save Our Ship" or "Save Our Souls". In fact, it was chosen because it has a simple and unmistakable Morse code representation — three dots, three dashes, three dots, all sent without any pauses between characters.